Succulents which flower once and die are tagged as Monocarpic. They produce pups which can be rooted as a separate plants.
Following are some well know monocarpic succulents . I am sharing the google link so that you can match your succulents and find out which one of your plant is monocarpic.
Agave Americana (Quarter-century Plant )
If you are growing monocarpic succulents share you experience with us.